Cloud File Storage Solutions Comparison

Cloud File Storage Solutions Comparison

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There are a lot of possibilities in the booming industry of public cloud file storage from some of the biggest suppliers.

One of the most important factors to examine is performance.

The fastest-growing data category is file storage, and cloud file storage is rapidly increasing to keep up.

Multiple file storage managed services are available from AWS, Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure.

Several of these cloud file storage alternatives are made possible through collaborations with traditional on-premises NAS suppliers.

The rise of NAS managed services reflects a greater trend in storage, in addition to keeping up with a rising requirement for file storage.

Even on-premises storage companies, such as Dell Apex, HPE GreenLake, IBM Storage as a Service, NetApp Keystone, and Pure Storage Pure as-a-Service, offer managed storage services.


Take a peek at NetApp to see how NAS has progressed.

For decades, the firm remained a NAS pioneer, packaging the OnTap OS, which is created in 1992, on disc arrays.

NetApp’s flagship solution, OnTap, is now available natively in AWS, Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure, in addition to on NetApp FAS arrays.

FSx for NetApp OnTap, one of the cloud file storage alternatives announced in mid-2021, was just released by AWS.

As a result, OnTap is now one of four Amazon FSx alternatives.

Other classic NAS technologies, such as Dell EMC PowerScale, Hitachi NAS, IBM Spectrum Scale, and Qumulo File Fabric, can move data to the public cloud, but NetApp has gone farther.

Cloud Volumes OnTap (CVO) and Cloud Volumes Service (CVS) are also available in the public cloud from NetApp.

CVO is a cloud-based virtual OnTap instance, whereas CVS is a NetApp-managed file service.

Because AWS provides FSx for NetApp OnTap as a fully managed service, Amazon FSx represents the closest integration for OnTap with a public cloud.

With so many NAS options, it’s a good idea to look at what’s accessible on the public cloud.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)

Amazon Web Services

Consider Amazon FSx to be a set of managed file systems that take advantage of AWS disc, computation, and networking capabilities.

AWS now offers file storage solutions in the cloud with FSx for Windows File Server, FSx for Lustre, and FSx for OpenZFS, in addition to FSx for NetApp OnTap.

The decision between FSx versions is simple for OnTap or Windows File Server users who want their file systems offered as managed services.

They can use AWS to sign up for the same file system. FSx for Lustre is a high-performance computing framework for Lustre.

Customers that want to use ZFS or other Linux-based file servers should use FSx for OpenZFS.

AWS releases a chart to assist users who aren’t currently an on-premises NAS client or who use a different file system and wish to convert to an AWS managed service.

In terms of throughput and IOPS per file system, Lustre outperforms the competition, but OpenZFS offers the lowest latency.

FSx for Lustre is a Linux-only application that employs the Portable OS Interface file protocol, which has been tuned for speed.

SMB is used by Windows, NFS is used by OpenZFS, and OnTap supports both NFS and SMB file protocols as well as iSCSI for shared block storage.

FSx for OnTap provides all of the functionality available in NetApp’s on-premises systems,

So customers can make use of SnapMirror, SnapVault, and FlexCache.

Subscriptions to NetApp CVS acquired through the AWS Marketplace will be migrated to FSx for NetApp OnTap.

Customers that wish to manage their own OnTap cloud storage can still use NetApp CVO through AWS Marketplace.

Elastic File System (EFS), an OS-agnostic network file system based on NFS, is also available on AWS.

Amazon EFS is a NAS filer for Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud instances that allows users to add and remove files rapidly.

Amazon EFS is a test/dev and file sharing service that integrates with other AWS services like Lambda.

Google Cloud Platform (GCP)

Google Logo

This year, Google also extended its NAS services, releasing Filestore Enterprise as a public preview.

Google now has three cloud services of its own. Filestore Basic is primarily concerned with file sharing, software development, the Google Kubernetes Engine, and online sharing.

Filestore High Scale, which is also under public preview, is designed for workloads that need high performance and capacity, such as genome sequencing and financial trading analysis.

Filestore Enterprise is designed for mission-critical applications that require high availability (HA).

With cross-zone synchronous replication and the ability to roll back to recovery points with snapshots, the new Enterprise service stands out among the three cloud file storage alternatives.

The performance of Filestore Basic and Enterprise is similar.

Both have a maximum sequential read capacity of 1,200 MBps.

The maximum random read IOPS for Basic is 60,000 MBps, while the maximum random read IOPS for Enterprise is 57,000 MBps.

Filestore Basic, on the other hand, offers a lower-cost, lower-performance HDD alternative, whereas Filestore Enterprise has the HA capabilities.

With a maximum sequential read throughput of 26,000 and a maximum random read IOPS of 960,000, Filestore High Scale outperforms the competition.

Filestore Enterprise is twice as expensive as Filestore Basic SSD and Filestore High Scale, at 60 cents per gibibyte per month.

The NFS protocol is supported by all Filestore versions.

They also share APIs, making it easy to mix and combine various versions for different purposes.

In addition, Google hosts popular on-premises NAS in the cloud.

DataDirect Networks (DDN), Dell EMC, NetApp, and Nasuni are among its partners.

DDN’s EXAScaler is used by Lustre on Google Cloud.

Dell EMC PowerScale for Google Cloud controls and delivers Dell EMC’s OneFS file services on Google Cloud Marketplace.

On Google, you may find NetApp CVS and CVO.

Nasuni Files for Google Cloud was another addition to the Google Cloud public cloud file storage in 2021.

Nasuni and other distributed file services providers like Ctera and Panzura have their own file systems but may store files and objects on the public cloud.

Nasuni’s UniFS file system is now accessible through Google Cloud Marketplace with Nasuni Files for Google Cloud.

Microsoft Azure

Microsoft Azure Logo

In the cloud, Azure provides two managed file storage solutions.

Microsoft Azure Files is based on the same object storage infrastructure as Azure Blob.

For additional high-performance, low-latency applications, Azure NetApp Files is built on OnTap.

OnTap’s data security and management functions are also included in Azure NetApp Files.

SMB and NFS protocols are supported by Azure NetApp Files.

It allows you to create volumes that support both.

Although there is no dual-protocol support, Azure Files started with SMB and NFS support in preview.

The Azure NetApp Files premium service costs around 30 cents per gibibyte per month, against 16 cents per gibibyte per month for Azure Premium Files.

James Smith
I'm James Smith. A Tech Writer and Enthusiast who’s been writing for Gadget Geek since its inception. Currently, my role is to write about the Latest Technology News and Reviews of the Most Popular Gadgets on the market. I've been writing about technology for 10 years. Passionate about all things Tech and Gadgets, but specifically the Latest News in the world of Consumer Electronics like Smartwatches, Drones, VR Headsets, Laptops, Routers, and more. Previously, I was an Editor at T3 Magazine from 2016-2018 and at Stuff from 2015-2016. My work has also been featured in The Guardian, Digital Trends, PC World UK, Forbes India, and more!